How To Become A School Speech Therapist?

Public schools are an excellent resource for kids since they offer many services, including school speech therapy. Speech therapy in the classroom can be helpful for some children. However, it is more than speech therapy at school for some kids. Private speech therapy sessions may complement their school-based treatment. 

Becoming a school speech therapist is the perfect career path for you! Here, we will explore the steps to becoming a school speech therapist and provide valuable insights into this rewarding profession. So, let’s begin!

What is a School Speech Therapist?

A School speech therapist, also known as a speech-language pathologist, works with school students to evaluate, diagnose, and treat speech and language problems. Affected individuals may have anything from articulation problems to language delays or disabilities.

Helping pupils with speech and language disorders better understand and express themselves is the main focus of a speech therapist’s work in a school. Form an Individualized treatment plan for each student in collaboration with teachers, parents, and other experts.

The Role of a School Speech Therapist

Students with speech and language impairments might benefit significantly from the services provided by a school speech therapist. These experts collaborate with educators and parents to diagnose communication disorders in children and design appropriate interventions.

Speech therapists play an essential role in the educational context by administering tests to evaluate pupils’ linguistic skills. They employ many different methods to diagnose a pupil with a communication issue or delay. Form an Individualized therapy plan for each student based on the results of these evaluations.

A school speech therapist’s primary role is to provide direct intervention services to pupils. Students are worked with individually or in small groups to improve their linguistic abilities, such as their articulation, fluency, voice production, or ability to understand and express themselves through language. They use effective therapeutic methods to help their students enhance their communication skills.

In addition, school speech therapists work with educators to make classes accessible to all pupils. 

Professionals in this field also advise parents on how to help their child develop further by engaging in supplementary activities and drills at home. 

School speech therapists may attend IEP sessions to review student achievement and treatment recommendations.

A speech therapist in a school setting does more than help students with their speech problems; they also work with teachers, parents, and others who have a hand in the student’s education. 

Education and Training Requirements

A bachelor’s degree in communication sciences and disorders or a closely related discipline is required to work as a speech therapist in a school setting. It will provide a solid grounding in language acquisition, speech and language physiology, and evaluation methods.

After a bachelor’s degree, speech-language pathologists must earn a master’s degree from a recognized institution. Coursework in areas including audiology, phonetics, language difficulties, and swallowing issues are all part of the regular two-year curriculum.

Aspiring school speech therapists must do more than just study for their degrees; they must also complete supervised clinical practicum experiences. Students can learn a lot from gaining practical experience with customers under the supervision of experts through these types of internships and practicums.

After finishing your formal study and clinical internship, you must become licensed by your state before you can legally work as a speech-language pathologist. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) offers a nationwide examination required for licensure in most states.

School speech therapists should maintain their expertise by participating in ongoing professional development opportunities. Many states demand regular participation in continuing education or professional development programs to keep their licenses current.

Aspiring school speech therapists can get started in their rewarding career of helping students enhance their communication abilities by meeting these educational requirements and receiving the relevant licensure.

Certifications and Licenses

You’ll need the appropriate certifications and licensure to work as a speech therapist at a school. Thanks to these credentials, you are up to par with the criteria set by professional groups and government agencies.

First, most states mandate a master’s degree in speech-language pathology from a recognized university. This comprehensive training gives aspiring therapists the foundation they need to succeed in their chosen field. In addition, many programs require students to log hours of supervised clinical practice.

After finishing the necessary coursework, you should look into being certified. The Certificate of Clinical Competence in Speech-Language Pathology (CCC-SLP) is by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). You can show your competence in therapy by earning this nationally recognized accreditation.

Many states require speech therapists to have a license and ASHA certification before they may work in schools. Each jurisdiction has its licensing board with rules, such as exams and mandatory training.

It is essential to keep all licenses and certificates current. Professional organizations like ASHA establish ethical rules that practitioners should follow, and continuing education helps ensure they do so.

If you want to work as a school speech therapist, you need the proper credentials. These certifications prove your competence and show that you care about providing excellent therapy to pupils who could benefit from it.

Job Duties and Responsibilities

The tasks you perform as a speech therapist in a school will range from year to year and from student to student. You’ll interact with kids with speech and language problems like articulation and language delays.

You must evaluate and identify each student’s unique language and communication difficulties. For example, examining their phonology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and fluency requires standardized exams and evaluations.

Each student’s treatment plan will be unique and based on the results of these evaluations. Individual treatment sessions, group activities, and home practice exercises are a part of these plans if they help the patient with either speech production or language understanding.

You will employ a wide range of strategies throughout treatment sessions to aid children in developing their speech and language skills. It could involve using repetition exercises to teach children proper articulation or games to help them learn new words.

As a school speech therapist, you’ll also be responsible for working with other experts in the field. You’ll work closely with other professionals, including educators, parents, psychologists, occupational therapists, and others, to give pupils a full range of services in and out of the classroom.

Assessment is the First Step in Speech Therapy in Schools

Communication assessment is a core competency for speech-language pathologists. SLPs can assess a child’s requirements by consulting with the child’s physician, teachers, and parents. Symptom intensity, age, and other characteristics all have a role in various assessment methods (including computerized ones). Your child will need to undergo a series of evaluations before a plan to implant, and one of those plans will likely be an IEP.

Push-in Services for Speech Therapy in Schools

An SLP, or a speech/language classroom aide or paraprofessional working under an SLP’s supervision, can provide various services to students in a school setting. Your kid can keep gaining from the classroom experience while enhancing their communication abilities in this way. Push-in therapy may involve, depending on the underlying need,

Helping your kid maintain a respectful volume level during class conversations

Helping your kid participate meaningfully in classroom question-and-answer sessions

Checking in on the kid’s Conversations in the Classroom. Assisting your child in creating visual aids for keeping track of classroom assignments and homework

If your youngster has trouble taking in information, try paraphrasing and rereading it.

Checking in on your child’s language comprehension at school and providing a variety of vocabulary-building tools

Using relaxation techniques with your child before a public speaking event (like a book report) will help them perform better under pressure.

Your child’s teacher will better understand the strategies the SLP is employing with your child to address their unique communication needs, which is one of the many ways an SLP can help your child succeed in the classroom. In addition to the target student(s), the rest of the school might benefit from the SLP’s tactics and resources.

Speech Therapy for Students: After-School Programs

Sometimes, pull-out services are necessary because a child’s speech disorder is so severe or because another disease or numerous symptoms accompany it. It is the best option for your kid; they will attend therapy sessions throughout the school day in a particular classroom designed for this purpose. Your kid will have access to more advanced strategies and resources. Children who benefit from pull-out services may include those who:

Have special needs that necessitate the use of pull-out services, such as those caused by autism or cerebral palsy—disabilities in swallowing.

Learn how to better care for your voice. Suffer from more than one disability, such as deafness and blindness.

are getting the hang of using applications on their phones to enhance their regular therapy

Your child’s therapy setting may sometimes use several methods to achieve the best possible results. You and your child’s teachers, SLPs, and school administration can work together to develop an Individualized Education Program (IEP) that considers the child’s speech therapy needs at school.

Is School Speech Therapy Worth It?

Speech therapy in schools typically occurs in groups.

Parents and guardians need to know that many children who receive speech therapy at school do it as part of a group. Schools typically have hefty caseloads. There are a lot of kids assigned to each speech therapist. The solution is weekly or biweekly group treatment sessions to see all children.

A child may participate in group speech therapy for 30 minutes every session with two or three other youngsters. When a speech therapist spends 30 minutes with four children, each of whom may have distinct needs, there is little time for individualized attention. It may slow down the process.

Of course, this is only accurate for some kids. Some students have access to individual speech therapy sessions while at school. Some kids learn best in a group setting, and others still benefit from personal attention. If you’re wondering whether or not your child needs further speech therapy outside of school, a group setting is an important consideration.

School speech therapy goals must be educational.

Lauren Sabatier, M.S., CCC-SLP, an articulate speech therapist, notes that school-based speech therapists are bound by state regulations when determining whether or not a student is eligible for speech therapy services. She says, “Some children may have below-average standard scores on formal assessments, but their scores aren’t low enough to qualify for therapy in the school setting.”

The aims of speech therapy must also be educationally relevant. In other words, speech therapists working in schools must offer services that aid students academically.

If a kid struggles with language and creating the /s/ sound, the speech therapist will likely concentrate on the language difficulties. That’s because linguistic objectives are more predictive of academic success. The speech therapist might be unable to work on the child’s /s/ production if it isn’t harming their confidence or ability to learn in school.

It is a clear clue that you may need to seek other services if your child has communication requirements that are not considered academically necessary. There is no consideration given to academic background in private speech therapy.

Help your kid generalize new skills.

Similarly, you should notice “generalization” of your child’s new skills over time as they practice outside therapy. It implies they should perform the same things at home as in treatment.

Here’s a case in point. So, the speech therapist has informed you that your child is successfully constructing complete phrases with the appropriate verb tenses. Yet, domestic violence rarely gets witnessed. That’s a red flag that your kid needs to apply what they’ve learned elsewhere. With the speech therapist’s help, kids can achieve their goals. However, they cannot use these abilities in regular conversation or interactions with you. It is further evidence that you may need to bring in some help from the outside. 

Want more control over your child’s speech treatment provider?

One potential upside of speech therapy through a private business, clinic, or the Internet is that you get to pick your therapist. Specialization is common among speech therapists. When you supplement in-school speech therapy with private sessions, you can find a therapist who focuses on the areas where you need help. Individual sessions with a trained speech therapist can expedite the learning process.

Challenges Faced by School Speech Therapists

Working as a speech therapist at a school can be very fulfilling, but it also has difficulties. A common problem is having a caseload that is too large to handle effectively. Despite time and resource constraints, speech therapists must prioritize their pupils’ requirements to provide effective therapy.

In terms of age, ability, and communication difficulties, diverse populations present another obstacle. Each student has challenges that they address in treatment. As a result, it is imperative that speech therapists continually modify their approaches to serve their patients better.

Working with other professionals, such as teachers, parents, and administrators, can be challenging. Good communication and teamwork are essential to ensure everyone is on the same page regarding objectives and developments.

In addition, speech therapists may feel overwhelmed by the paperwork and documentation required. Accurate documentation of evaluations, treatment plans, patient updates, and other data is their responsibility. It might be challenging to juggle administrative duties with direct therapeutic sessions.

School speech therapists face the additional burden of keeping abreast of emerging research-based practices and evidence-based interventions. There are always cutting-edge methods developed in the realm of communication disorders. Speech therapists, to offer their students the best possible care, should engage in ongoing professional development.

Salary Expectations

Salary expectations are an everyday concern for anyone contemplating a career as a school-based speech therapist. Although financial gain isn’t everything when choosing a job, it is an aspect many consider.

Experience, geographic area, and educational attainment can all significantly impact a speech therapist’s remuneration in the school setting. There is a general range for the yearly revenue of speech therapists working in schools. However, this variety may change depending on your location.

Beginning salary for entry-level positions may be lower than for more seasoned professionals. Your earning potential may grow if you further your education or gain relevant qualifications.

Before starting on this professional path, you must learn the going rate in your preferred location. You’ll have a more accurate picture of your financial future as a result of this.

Having a secure income is crucial, but other benefits of becoming a speech therapist in a school setting are also worth considering. Helping pupils develop their verbal and written expression is a rewarding and priceless opportunity.

Future Outlook for the Field of School Speech Therapy

As knowledge about these conditions spreads, more institutions see the significance of employing trained specialists to aid students with speech and language impairments.

The increasing need for speech therapists in educational settings contributes to the optimistic outlook. As our knowledge of these conditions grows, so does our capacity to detect them early and provide effective treatment. 

In addition, therapeutic options have expanded as a result of technological developments. Through practice, for instance, therapists can offer their services remotely using various forms of video conferencing technology. it broadens the pool of people who might benefit from treatment and provides more options for therapists who would like to have more adaptable schedules.

Furthermore, there is a growing need for culturally competent speech therapists who can effectively serve varied populations as diversity in schools across the country continues to rise. English Language Learners have unique demands that bilingual and multilingual therapists can meet.

A profession as a speech therapist in a school setting is one with bright prospects. Increased awareness of communication difficulties, as well as technological advancements, are projected to fuel demand growth. Aspiring speech therapists can set themselves up favorably by keeping up with industry news and participating in CPD opportunities.


Becoming a school speech therapist can be a fulfilling and rewarding career choice. You have the chance to work in an area that is dynamic and constantly expanding, in addition to having the opportunity to touch kids’ lives positively.

Throughout this article, we’ve covered the basics of speech therapy and a career as a school-based speech therapist and touched upon salary expectations and challenges that may arise in this profession. We also examined the field’s prospects for the future.


1. What qualifications do I need to become a school speech therapist?

To become a school speech therapist, you typically need a master’s degree in speech-language pathology. It involves completing coursework in communication disorders, anatomy and physiology of the speech and hearing mechanisms, and clinical practicum experience. You will also need to obtain licensure or certification from your state board.

2. How long does it take to become a school speech therapist?

The time it takes to become a school speech therapist can vary depending on your chosen educational pathway. On average, it takes about six years of education beyond high school to complete the requirements for this career. It includes earning an undergraduate degree and a master’s in speech-language pathology.

3. Can I work as a school speech therapist with only a bachelor’s degree?

While some positions may accept individuals with only a bachelor’s degree in communication sciences and disorders or related fields, most schools prefer candidates who have completed their master’s degrees. Having advanced training allows for more specialized knowledge and clinical skills needed to assess and treat students with communication disorders effectively.

4. Are there job opportunities available for school speech therapists?

Yes! There is an increasing demand for qualified professionals in speech-language pathology within educational settings. School districts often employ full-time or part-time therapists to provide language therapy, articulation therapy, fluency intervention, and social/pragmatic skills instruction.